Health Checklist For Women

Breast Cancer Screening

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Mammogram Checks for breast cancer 40 Annually
Doctor’s breast exam May detect breast cancers missed by
mammography
20 Annually; Every three years for women 20-40

 

Cervical cancer screening (one of the following):

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Pap smear and pelvic exam Checks for cervical cancer Once a woman is sexually active or at age 18 Annually, then every 2-3 years after three normal
annual Pap smears in a row
Pap smear plus HPV DNA test and pelvic exam Alternative, some experts recommend as more
precise means to check for cervical cancer
30 Every three years

 


Colorectal cancer
screening:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Colonoscopy Outpatient procedure in which a doctor inserts a
long, flexible instrument – about 1/2 inch in diameter – into the rectum to
view the rectum and entire colon. Many experts say colonoscopy is the most
accurate colon cancer screening
50 Every 10 years, more often for those with a family
history or history of colon polyps.
Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) Stool is tested for blood — a possible sign of
colorectal cancer
50 Annually (in combination with flexible
sigmoidoscopy)
Flexible sigmoidoscopy Outpatient procedure for examining the lower
portion of the large intestine, called the sigmoid colon. A special instrument
with a tiny camera attached is used.
50 Every 5 years (in combination with FOBT)
Air-contrast barium enema Barium is given as an enema, and then air is blown
in to make the barium spread over the lining of the colon, producing an outline
of the colon on X-ray. This helps to reveal any irregularities in the lining,
such as a polyp.
50 Every 5 years
*Your doctor will pick which screening
test is best for you.

 

Skin cancer screening:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Total body skin exam Doctor examines your skin to detect precancerous
and cancerous skin growths
50, or earlier for people with a family or
personal history of skin cancer or with excessive sun exposure
Annually

 

Heart disease screening:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Blood cholesterol test Measures amount of total cholesterol, “bad” LDL,
and “good” HDL cholesterol circulating in
the blood. Levels of triglycerides, another blood fat, are also usually
checked.
20 Every 5 years, or at your doctor’s discretion
Blood pressure check Measures blood pressure, an indicator of heart
risk
18 At least every other year, more often if above
normal
Fasting plasma glucose Measures blood sugar, an indicator of diabetes
risk
45 Every three years, or at your doctor’s
discretion

Eye disease screening:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Glaucoma test Measures eye pressure and eye health 60 for normal, healthy adults; 40 for those with
risk factors for glaucoma (family history, nearsightedness, diabetes, or
African-American)
Annually

Bone health:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Bone mineral density test Used as an indicator of bone strength and
osteoporosis risk
65 or around age of menopause; earlier for women
with previous fragility fractures, family history of osteoporosis, on
medications that cause bone loss, or have problems with calcium
absorption.
At your doctor’s discretion

Thyroid health:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Thyroid hormone test Blood test that determines whether thyroid gland
is functioning properly
35 Every 5 years

Vaccines/immunizations:

Procedure/test: What it does: Starting at age: How often: Date performed/results:
Tetanus booster Restores protection against tetanus infection Varies Every 10 years
Pneumonia vaccine Provides lifelong protection against
pneumonia
65 or earlier in people with risk factors, such as
heart failure, lung disease, alcoholism, and others
Once in a lifetime
Influenza vaccine Provides protection against common influenza
strains
50 or earlier Annually